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The Resource A contribution to the study of the soci-economic impact of hydatid disease in humans and animals in the Khénifra region, presented by Faycal Kachani

A contribution to the study of the soci-economic impact of hydatid disease in humans and animals in the Khénifra region, presented by Faycal Kachani

Label
A contribution to the study of the soci-economic impact of hydatid disease in humans and animals in the Khénifra region
Title
A contribution to the study of the soci-economic impact of hydatid disease in humans and animals in the Khénifra region
Statement of responsibility
presented by Faycal Kachani
Creator
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
The aim of this study was to evaluate the economic losses caused by hydatid disease in humans and livestock in the Khénifra region and to investigate the epidemiologic factors that favor parasite stability as well as the exposure of the Agouddim community to the risk of contracting the disease. Investigations were conducted in the slaughterhouses and abattoirs of the region, as well as in the hospital and households of area. Results of the work revealed: high infection levels in multiple important intermediate hosts: 80.2% in cattle, 26.0% in sheep and 14.5% in goats. Hydatid disease is the primary cause of viscera condemnation in the slaughterhouses of the region. The average loss per animal is 89.60 Dh per cow, 3.30 Dh per sheep and 1.00 Dh per goat. The annual losses are estimated at 942,118.10 Dh (US $92,819.50). This figure is a gross underestimation because studies performed in the slaughterhouses cannot represent the real infection levels due to the fact that animals observed here are usually young and it is the older animals that are the most highly infected. Poor sanitation in the slaughterhouses and the incorrect disposal of condemned viscera contribute to the persistence of Echinococcosis in the dog population. In man, the expenses incurred by the disease are estimated at 20,290.01 Dh per patient. The amount could be as high as 57,380.00 Dh. These numbers are again grossly underestimated due to the fact that the additional costs associated with disability, temporary or permanent (productivity reduction, unemployment), and death (with its social impacts) were not included. These losses are significant and must be included in order to accurately calculate the cost of this disease. In the region of Agouddim the conditions required for the life cycle of Echinococcus granulosus are present in both the intermediate (humans and livestock) and the definitive hosts (dogs). The preliminary results of the ultrasound study reveal a prevalence nearing 1% (981/100,000 inhabitants). This level of infection places the region among the most highly infected areas of the world, just after Kenya's "Turkana" region. Poverty, poor hygienic conditions, the absence of running water, illiteracy and a close relationship between livestock and dogs constitute the ideal transmission conditions for the disease. Ignorance of its origin and mode of transmission in the majority of the those people surveyed suggests an inadvertent and permanent exposure of the population to the risk of infection. The increased prevalence of this disease and the considerable losses that it incurs justify the installation of a control program. Considering the ignorance of the population as to the disease's transmission modes and preventative measures, a hygienic instruction program should be a principle component of any control program
Cataloging source
UPB
Degree
Degree of Veterinarian Doctor
Dissertation year
2000
Granting institution
Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire. Rabat-Institut
Illustrations
  • illustrations
  • maps
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • bibliography
  • theses
Label
A contribution to the study of the soci-economic impact of hydatid disease in humans and animals in the Khénifra region, presented by Faycal Kachani
Instantiates
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 130-139)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
28 cm.
Extent
xiv, 173 leaves
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Other physical details
col. ill., maps
System control number
  • UtOrBLW
  • (OCoLC)ocn738583480
Label
A contribution to the study of the soci-economic impact of hydatid disease in humans and animals in the Khénifra region, presented by Faycal Kachani
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 130-139)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
28 cm.
Extent
xiv, 173 leaves
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Other physical details
col. ill., maps
System control number
  • UtOrBLW
  • (OCoLC)ocn738583480

Library Locations

    • Harold B. Lee Library Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, 84602, US
      40.249156 -111.649242
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