The Resource The relationship between social behaviors and working memory in school-age children with language impairment, by Melanie Javid

The relationship between social behaviors and working memory in school-age children with language impairment, by Melanie Javid

Label
The relationship between social behaviors and working memory in school-age children with language impairment
Title
The relationship between social behaviors and working memory in school-age children with language impairment
Statement of responsibility
by Melanie Javid
Creator
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
  • Children with language impairment (LI) have notable social problems (Brinton & Fujiki, 2004). Research has shown that children with LI often have deficits in working memory (Kirchner & Klatsky, 1985; Stark, Poppen, & May, 1987). The relationship between working memory and social behaviors has not been clearly defined. This study examined this relationship in children with LI and typical age-matched peers by asking participants to repeat nine nonwords and correlating these results with social behaviors as rated by teachers
  • Teachers rated children with LI as demonstrating higher levels of reticence and lower levels of both types of sociability than typical children. Children with LI performed poorer on the nonword repetition task at all syllable lengths (3-syllable, 4-syllable, and 5 syllable). Analyses of covariance were performed, including all participants, to identify if there were significant relationships between social behaviors and working memory. The results indicated that working memory was a significant factor for reticence, likeability, and prosocial behaviors. Regression analyses indicated that nonword repetition scores were significant predictors of reticence, accounting for 28% of the variance, likeability, accounting for 18% of the variance, and prosocial behaviors, accounting for 11% of the variance. As working memory increased, reticence decreased and both likeability and prosocial skills increased. Further analyses showed that only likeability was significantly influenced by language group and gender. Group specific analyses indicated that likeability was predicted by working memory for typical peers but not for children with LI. Working memory was also a stronger predictor of likeability for males than females.Children with language impairment (LI) have notable social problems (Brinton & Fujiki, 2004). Research has shown that children with LI often have deficits in working memory (Kirchner & Klatsky, 1985; Stark, Poppen, & May, 1987). The relationship between working memory and social behaviors has not been clearly defined. This study examined this relationship in children with LI and typical age-matched peers by asking participants to repeat nine nonwords and correlating these results with social behaviors as rated by teachers
Cataloging source
UPB
Degree
M.S.
Dissertation year
2006
Granting institution
Brigham Young University. Dept. of Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • bibliography
  • theses
Label
The relationship between social behaviors and working memory in school-age children with language impairment, by Melanie Javid
Link
http://hdl.lib.byu.edu/1877/etd1207
Instantiates
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 51-56)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
28 cm.
Extent
xi, 64 p.
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Other physical details
ill.
System control number
(OCoLC)ocn369322957
Label
The relationship between social behaviors and working memory in school-age children with language impairment, by Melanie Javid
Link
http://hdl.lib.byu.edu/1877/etd1207
Publication
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 51-56)
Carrier category
volume
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Dimensions
28 cm.
Extent
xi, 64 p.
Media category
unmediated
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Other physical details
ill.
System control number
(OCoLC)ocn369322957

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